Quasicrystals: anticipating the unexpected

The following guest entry is contributed by Peter Kramer

Dan Shechtman received the Nobel prize in Chemistry 2011 for the experimental discovery of quasicrystals. Congratulations! The press release stresses the unexpected nature of the discovery and the struggles of Dan Shechtman to convince the fellow experimentalists. To this end I want to contribute a personal perspective:

From the viewpoint of theoretical physics the existence of icosahedral quasicrystals as later discovered by Shechtman was not quite so unexpected. Beginning in 1981 with Acta Cryst A 38 (1982), pp. 257-264 and continued with Roberto Neri in Acta Cryst A 40 (1984), pp. 580-587 we worked out and published the building plan for icosahedral quasicrystals. Looking back, it is a strange and lucky coincidence that unknown to me during the same time Dan Shechtman and coworkers discovered icosahedral quasicrystals in their seminal experiments and brought the theoretical concept of three-dimensional non-periodic space-fillings to live.

More about the fascinating history of quasicrystals can be found in a short review: gateways towards quasicrystals and on my homepage.